With Spring around the corner, here is a list of gardening jobs to make the most of the warmer weather and growth ahead.
- Sow hardy annual seeds under cover in the greenhouse, windowsill, or under a light.
- Wait until the middle of the month to sow half-hardy annuals for better light levels and warmer nights.
- Sow perennials.
- Pinch out tips of winter-sown sweet peas to encourage side-shoots.
- Prepare flowerbed areas for direct sowing of hardy annuals in later March through April.
- Mass prick out annual seedlings at the end of the month.
- Transplant seedlings with true leaves into individual pots, handling them by the leaves.
- Pot on rooted cuttings of tender perennial plants.
- Take cuttings of perennials such as basal cuttings of phlox, delphiniums, and other early-sprouting perennials.
- Sow fruiting half-hardy vegetables like tomatoes before it's too late.
- Indoors, sow courgettes, leeks, peas, beetroot, and cucumbers.
- Sow perennial vegetable seeds such as globe artichokes and plant asparagus crowns.
- Direct sow broad beans outside and cover the soil with plastic to dry it out.
- Direct sow carrots, parsnips, and radishes after the soil has dried.
- Plant early potatoes and one onion set or garlic clove per cell in a modular tray.
- Grow potatoes and onions in a cool and bright location like a greenhouse until the roots show.
- Thin carrot seedlings in the evening when carrot flies are fewer to promote decent-sized carrots.
- Plant pea tips are great for a few fresh salad greens over the winter months.
- Plant garlic, it will be a slow start but will shoot up in the spring.
- Sow hardy peas under fleece to get ahead for the spring growing season.
- Dig over your veg beds as the crops are finished. Cold weather can often break down any big clumps of soil, leaving good drainage ready for sowing.
- Cover any productive salad plants like salad Rocket or perpetual spinach.
- Sow salad leaves and hardy herbs like coriander, flat-leaf parsley 'Italian Giant', and garlic chives in gutters under cover.
- Indoors, sow dill, fennel, and French sorrel.
- Direct sow chervil, chives, and sage.
- Plant pots of mint, tarragon, thyme, and rosemary.
- Divide chives by lifting large clumps with a fork and separating them into smaller clumps in soil enriched with organic matter.
Here is what you could be eating fresh if you grew them in your garden next year:
- Garden Greens: Kale, cauliflower, purple sprouting broccoli
- Root vegetables: Parsnips
- Leafy greens: Chard and spinach
- Salads: Salad leaves, overwintered lettuce, and pea tips
- Edible flowers: Viola 'Freckles' and primroses
- Herbs: Parsley, chervil, coriander, winter savoury, rosemary, sage, bay, lovage, fennel, and thyme
- Fruit: Rhubarb
- Give your lawn a spring boost
- Build or buy a new compost bin for garden waste recycling
- Create a new pond or install a water feature to attract wildlife
- Protect new shoots of hostas and other vulnerable perennials with slug barrier products
- Replant indoor bulbs into borders after their display, ensuring proper watering and liquid feed application
- Check tree ties and stakes for tightness and stability
- Prune wind-damaged branches on trees and shrubs
- Remove emerging shoots of perennial weeds, like ground elder, along with their roots
- Create bug boxes or bundles of hollow stems as habitats for insects
- Continuously provide food for garden birds during the breeding season
- Chop down winter-grown green manure and incorporate it into the soil for vegetable plot preparation
- Trim back winter-flowering jasmine to control its growth and encourage future blooms